A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 
home / foodlexicon   foodlexicon.org

category: food/groceries: Länderküche: Australien

Australian bush meat, Australian game meat, Australian wild meat

Australian bush meat, wild meat or game are the terms for meat derived from animals of the wilderness of Australia. Aborigines have used these meat sources for tens of thousands of years. While the term bushmeat mostly refers to the meat of jungle animals illegally hunted in Africa, this article uses it for the traditional diet of indigenous Australian people and the modern use of Australian game meat. Meat constituted an important part of the Aboriginal diet. Depending on the region different mammals, birds and reptiles were hunted. Today some of the animals that were hunted for meat are endangered and protected. Examples are freshwater turtles, dugongs and flying foxes. Aboriginal people are excluded from protection laws and have the legal right to hunt native animals for their own consumption.

Mammals hunted for meat include all kangaroo and wallaby species, possums, bilbies and hopping mice, flying foxes as well as koalas and wombats. Reptiles that were eaten are turtles, several different snakes - especially pythons -, goannas, frogs and lizards. All sizes birds were hunted, from the large emu to ducks and swans, parrots, cockatoos and birds of prey. Aboriginal people living near the coast could also add Australian fish and seafood to their diet. Inland freshwater mussels were gathered and eaten. Insects were another important source of protein and fat (see also: edible insects of Australia). Especially caterpillars and grubs were gathered and eaten frequently.

Most Aboriginal tribes did not have cooking vessels and did not boil water. Meat was cooked directly on the fire, in the ashes or with hot stones in earth ovens.

Many Aborigines in rural communities still live at least partially in their traditional ways and hunt native animals. Today introduced animals that have escaped captivity and proliferate in the Australian bush are also hunted as bush meat. Examples are goat, boar, sheep and camel.

Use of wild meat in modern bush food cuisine

Only few of the native animals mentioned above are still used in modern Australian kitchens. Popular and widely spread are only:

  • kangaroo,
  • crocodile and
  • emu.
kangaroo, zool.: Macropus rufuse

Kangaroo meat especially is well liked and available in many supermarkets. It is low in fat and a healthy alternative to beef and pork. It is mostly sold as steaks and barbecued or short-fried. Kangaroo sausages and roasts are also available.

Visitors of this page also viewed:
Australian bush fruits
Australian bush vegetables
Cape barren tea
Native Australian nuts and seeds

Other Languages

Australian bush meat… (Links)
  foodlexicon on Twitter
  Ihre Links hier

Bookmark us
   Add to Google

What's New
  Wild cucumber
  Australian tamarind
  Peppermint gum
  Lemon ironbark
  Strawberry gum
  Tasmanian cider gum
  Alpine Pepper
  Cape barren tea
  Tasmanian pepper
  Dorrigo pepper
  Australian pepper
  Cinnamon myrtle
  Bush tomato
  Aniseed myrtle
  Gum and resin
  Lemon myrtle
  Honey pot ants
  Edible insects of Australia…
  Australian Aboriginal sweet…
  Bush spices
  Australian bush meat
  Native Australian nuts and …
  Australian bush fruits

Culinary Dictionary
  German - English culinary dictionary: english - german - english
  German - Italian culinary dictionary: italian - german - italian
  German - Spanish culinary dictionary: spanish - german - spanish
  German - French culinary dictionary: french - german - french

  Disclaimer Disclaimer
  Guidance for use
  Printable version

  Links 2008
  Links 2007

Top | Homepage | © en.foodlexicon.org